Enzymatic CarboRelease Kit
This kit includes the enzymes and buffers required to deglycosylate glycoproteins, removing all N-linked oligosaccharides and many O-linked sugars.
The enzymes are packaged separately in individual 20 microlitre vials. This gives researchers the flexibility to characterize the glycans attached to their glycoprotein more fully than with our mixture of enzymes, KE-DGMX.
Part Number: KE-DG01
Appropriate use of individual glycosidases allow the determination of sialyation (use of Neuraminidase only) and the specific presence of N-linked glycans (using PNGase F only) and O-linked glycans (using Neuraminidase, Beta-Galactosidase, O-Glycosidase, and β-N-acetylglucosaminidase). Alternatively, QA-Bio produces a premixed solution of the enzymes in one 20 microlitre vial in our DeGlycoMx Kit (KE-DGMX).
Includes 20 microlitres each of the following enzymes:
- PNGase F (Chryseobacterium meningosepticum)
- O-Glycosidase (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
- Neuraminidase (Arthrobacter ureafaciens)
- Beta-Galactosidase (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
- β-N-acetylglucosaminidase (Streptococcus pneumonia)
Other Supplied Reagents:
- Reaction buffer
- Denaturation Solution
- Triton X
- Bovine Fetuin (control)
The Enzymatic CarboRelease Kit will deglycosylate glycoproteins, removing all N-linked oligosaccharides and many O-linked oligosaccharides from glycoproteins. N-links (Asparganine-linked) are removed using the enzyme PNGase F. In addition, all Serine or Threonine linked (O-linked) Gal-(b1-3)-GalNAc-(a1) and all neuraminic acid substituted Gal-(b1-3)-GalNAc-(a1) will be removed using the combination of Neuraminidase and O-Glycosidase. The addition of Beta-Galactosidase and Glucosaminidase will assist in the deglycosylation of larger O-link structures.
The quantity of enzymes recommended in the protocols is sufficient to deglycosylate approximately 100 μg of an average glycoprotein in the time given. PNGase F cleavage is generally the rate limiting reaction due to the slow removal of some sterically hindered N- linked residues, even when the glycoprotein is denatured. Since all of the enzymes retain activity under reaction conditions for several days, a much larger quantity of glycoprotein may be deglycosylated if incubation is extended. Conversely, there is no need to use the recommended amounts of enzymes if quantities much less than 100 μg of glycoprotein are being cleaved. The enzymes can be diluted into 1X Reaction Buffer 7. They will remain stable in diluted form at 4°C.
Bovine Fetuin Control Protein
Bovine Fetuin contains sialylated N- and O- linked oligosaccharides13.
NOTE: Commercial preparations of Fetuin contain proteases which will eventually degrade the protein. The Fetuin Control has been heat treated at 90°C for 10 minutes to inactivate the proteases. The Fetuin solution can be stored at 4°C.
1. Dissolve 100 μg or less of a glycoprotein in 30 μL deionized water in an Eppendorf tube.
2. Add 10 μL 5X Reaction Buffer 7 and 2.5 μL Denaturation Solution. Mix gently.
3. Heat at 100°C for 5 minutes.
NOTE: Some proteins may precipitate when heated with SDS. In this event, omit the heat treatment and increase the incubation time to 24 hours after adding enzymes.
4. Cool to room temperature. Add 2.5 μl Triton X-100 solution. Mix gently.
NOTE: Failure to add Triton X-100 may result in the reduction of activity of some enzymes.
5. Add 1 μL each of each enzyme.
6. Incubate for 3 hours at 37°C.
7. Analyze by method of choice.
Alternatively, the enzymes may be added individually or sequentially in order to determine what types of oligosaccharides are present on the glycoprotein.
1. Dissolve 100 μg or less of a glycoprotein in 35 μL deionized water in an Eppendorf tube.
2. Add 10 μL 5X Reaction Buffer 7.
3. Add 1 μL of each enzyme.
4. Incubate for 1-5 days at 37°C.
An aliquot should be deglycosylated using the denaturing protocol to provide a gel standard for the fully deglycosylated protein. The position of the native protein can then be compared with this standard to judge the extent of deglycosylation.
References to Deglycosylate Glycoproteins
Kobata, A. Use of endo- and exoglycosidases for structural studies of glycoconjugates. Anal Biochem 100:1- 14 (1979).
Kim MS, Leahy D. Enzymatic deglycosylation of glycoproteins. Methods Enzymol.533:259-63 (2013).
Magnelli PE, Bielik AM, Guthrie EP. Identification and characterization of protein glycosylation using specific endo- and exoglycosidases. J Vis Exp. Dec 26;(58):e3749 (2011).
Segu ZM, Hussein A, Novotny MV, Mechref Y. Assigning N-glycosylation sites of glycoproteins using LC/MSMS in conjunction with endo-M/exoglycosidase mixture. J Proteome Res. Jul 2;9(7):3598-607 (2010).
Sojar, H. T. and O.P. Bahl. A chemical method for the deglycosylation of proteins. Arch Biochem Biophys 259:52-57 (1987).
Tarentino A.L. and T.H. Plummer. Enzymatic deglycosylation of asparagine- linked glycans: purification, properties, and specificitly of oligosaccharide- cleaving enzymes from Flavobacterium meningosepticum. Methods in Enzymol 230: 44-57 (1994).
Uchida, Y., Y. Tsukada and T. Sugimori. Enzymatic properties of neuraminidases from Arthrobacter ureafaciens. J Biochem (Tokyo) 86:573-585 (1979).
Zhang W, Wang H, Zhang L, Yao J, Yang P. Large-scale assignment of N-glycosylation sites using complementary enzymatic deglycosylation. Talanta. Jul 15;85(1):499-505 (2011).